No obsolescence, a learning space is always populated.
“Without the capacity for symbolic transcendence, for seeing the realm of daily life in terms of a realm beyond it, without the capacity for “beyonding,” as Kenneth Burke put it, one would be trapped in a world of what has been called dreadful immanence16. For the world of daily life seen solely as a world of rational response to anxiety and need is a world of mechanical necessity, not radical autonomy. It is through pointing to other realities, through and beyonding, that religion and poetry and science too in its own way, break the dreadful fatalities of this world of appearances.” P.9
“Religion in Human Evolution From the Paleolithic to the Axial Age” Robert N. Bellah, Harvard Univ. Press 2011
16: Kenneth Burke : Language as Symbolic Action U of California Press Berkeley 1966
4:03pm Feb 21
Clarissa Bezerra thanks! Am hoping to help them harness the vast possibilities of connecting with teachers worldwide via social media. Bonnie Stewart also seems to like to do that, so am following in her footsteps but sort of in reverse (she sometimes tweets my blog posts to her students)
Cole & Scribner
“I don’t think that anyone who emphasizes the importance of emergent processes would deny that planful, explicitly goal-directed thought plays a role in the greatest human intellectual achievements. However, such modes of thought themselves might be viewed as emergent consequences of a lifetime of thought-structured practice supported by culture and education.”
Cole & Scribner, 1974, p.753 Culture and thought: a Psychological introduction. New York, Wiley.
Freud speaking of the study of dreams:
“It may be that this first portion of our psychological study of dreams will leave us with a sense of dissatisfaction. But we can console ourselves with the thought that we have been obliged to build our way out into the dark.” The Interpretation of Dreams
From: Building Out Into the Dark – Theory and Observation in Science and Psychoanalysis, Robert Caper, Routledge, 2009